CALL FOR ABSTRACT 14THGHUCG TRACK 11: MICROBIOTA
The microbiota consists of a wide variety of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms present in a singular environment, such as the human digestive tract. The microbiome refers to the entire habitat of the body, including its microorganisms, genomes, and the surrounding environmental conditions.
The gut microbiota contributes to numerous bodily functions.
- Obtaining energy from digested food and protecting against pathogens.
- Immune function regulation
- Enhancing the gut and intestinal biochemical barrier
- Changes in the microbiota’s composition can have an effect on these functions.
Despite the presence of beneficial bacteria in the gut, pathogenic bacteria can enter the GI tract and cause infection. These infections include food poisoning and other gastrointestinal diseases that cause diarrhoea and vomiting.
The scientific name for microbiota:
Gut microbiota, gut microbiome, or gut flora, are the microorganisms, including bacteria, archaea, fungi, and viruses, that live in the digestive tracts of animals. The gastrointestinal metagenome is the aggregate of all the genomes of the gut microbiota. The gut is the main location of the human microbiome.
What significance does the human microbiota have?
The human microbiome plays important roles in the maintenance and development of the human body (Figure 3). These organisms are responsible for launching the immune system, affecting inflammatory homeostasis and immune regulation in neonates and young children.
Difference between bacteria and microbiota:
The microbiome refers to the collection of genomes from all the microorganisms in the environment. Microbiota, on the other hand, usually refers to microorganisms that are found within a specific environment. Microbiota can refer to all the microorganisms found in an environment, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
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Where can microbiota be found?
Microorganisms existed before humans. It is believed that the intestine is one of the most densely populated microbial habitats on Earth. Humans harbour additional microorganisms in their nose, mouth and throat, small intestine, lungs, vagina, and skin.
When does intestinal microbiota development begin?
Previously, it was believed that the human microbiome began colonising the gut at birth, but recent research suggests that commensal bacteria may be transmitted from mother to child across the placental barrier. The earliest bacteria to colonise infants may have originated in the microbiome of the mother’s mouth.
The mode of delivery in early life has a substantial effect on the gut flora. A vaginally delivered infant is initially colonised by the mother’s vaginal and intestinal microbiota. In contrast, the baby is first exposed to skin and hospital environment bacteria during a Caesarean section. Recent studies also suggest that bacteria can be transmitted from mother to child through the rectal canal.
Advances in Gastroenterology
Gallbladder and Biliary Disease
Gastrointestinal Complications in Pregnancy
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Pancreatic and Biliary Disease
Endoscopy and Hepatology
Esophageal and Gastric Disease
Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease
Liver and Intestine Transplant
Kidney and Pancreas Transplant
Peptic Ulcer Disease
GI Infectious Disease
List of Gastroenterology Association
International Society of Microbiota
Association of human gut microbiota
Gut microbiota Associations
Association of Human Intestinal Microbiota
De-confounding microbiome association
Indian Society of Gastroenterology: ISG
American Gastroenterological Association
The British Association of Gastroenterology: The voice of British Gastroenterological
Association of Australia
SGNA | Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
United European Gastroenterology
Ontario Association of Gastroenterology
Atlanta Gastroenterology Associates
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
List of Gastroenterology Society
Indian Society of Gastroenterology: ISG
French National Society of Gastroenterology
International Affiliate Societies
Texas Society for Gastroenterology & Endoscopy
The British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology
European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition
Philippine Society of Gastroenterology
Companies of Gastroenterology
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